To make better policy in Bangladesh it should be participatory as people can be aware about policy. Policy makers should consult with stakeholders and justifies their opinions then goes for make. The local situation as metro-logical, geographical, environment, laws should be justified and justified the public demand. The local government should be strengthened and given power to make their own policies than state will justified and legitimised for public. Every policy should be justified by the legislature. Proper monitoring and evaluation need to modified and implement policies. Some suggestions might be:
• Avoid political biasness
• Strong political commitment / patriotism, positive role of media and efficient institutional capacity are very essential.
• Public awareness/openness to demand needful policy.
• Active planning cell/ wing in every ministries and autonomous and semi autonomous organisations to realise public demand.
• Examination of the necessity of demand.
• Collection opinion from different stake holders.
• Consideration of cultural and environmental issues.
• Draft policy should broadcast through website for Public opinion
• Draft policy should discuss in front of civil society / general people through media.
• Final policy should pass after critical analysis.
• Implement the policy.
• Revision if necessary.
• Capacity of Implementing agencies should increase
• Political leaders should be trained up regarding development, policy formulation, implementation, review etc.
• Arrange open discussion / seminar / workshop etc. For example there were debates about ‘National Women Development Policy 2011′. I think there were lacking of concerned ministry to circulate the details of the debatable clauses among general people. T
he ’sensitive’ clauses are:
23.5. To give equal opportunity and partnership in resource utilisation, employment, market and business;
25.2. To give women the rights to wealth and resources earned through income, succession, loan/credit, land and market management.
If the Government or Ministry of Women and Children Affairs took such initiative i.e. seminar, workshop, open discussion etc. for awareness of general public, there were no debates. General people were unable to get the reference of the clauses and there were rumour and a party called Hartal.
Certainly there will be more suggestions from Civil societies, different professionals, politicians to make the policy process more effective in Bangladesh.
– Muntasar Ali