Dhaka, Aug 30 (bdnews24.com) — Dhaka has been rated third least liveable city in the world, crawling one step ahead from the previous review in 2009, according to a worldwide survey.
The Australian city of Melbourne has become the world’s most liveable one beating Canada’s Vancouver, after almost a decade, out of 140 cities surveyed, UK-based Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) said on Tuesday.
Vancouver, which topped the annual Global Liveability Survey since 2002, fell to third behind Vienna this year. The Canadian city was in joint first position with Melbourne in the 2002 survey, reported BBC, quoting the survey, which is conducted twice a year.
Zimbabwe’s capital, Harare, was the least liveable city, just ahead the Papua New Guinea capital Port Moresby.
Cities were scored on political and social stability, crime rates, access to quality health care, cultural events, the environment, education and the standard of infrastructure.
In 2009, Dhaka stood second while Harare was topped the list of the least liveable cities.
Living standards in the Bangladesh capital – a highly dense one — has been said to be deteriorating gradually with unplanned urbanisation, lack of utilities and burden of overpopulation.
Besides those, the problems of transport, environment and safe drinking water, law and order have pushed the city near the bottom.
Vancouver missed out on the top spot because its infrastructure score had fallen due to periodic closures of a key motorway.
Australian cities featured prominently in the top 10, with Sydney ranked sixth and Perth and Adelaide in joint eighth place, according to the survey.
Canada also did well, with Toronto and Calgary holding fourth and fifth places respectively. Helsinki in Finland (seventh) and New Zealand’s Auckland (10th) rounded out the top 10.
The survey company said scores in Europe had been pushed slightly down by the eurozone crisis, while the Arab Spring had affected ratings across the Middle East and North Africa.
The Greek capital Athens dropped five places to 67th due to recent government cutbacks and protests.
Among other well-known cities, Paris came 16th, two places ahead of Tokyo. The top-ranked American city was Honolulu which came 26th, while London was a lowly 53rd, just behind Singapore.
This is most apparent in the scoring for Tripoli (Libya), where the descent into civil war has caused such a significant deterioration in the liveability rating as to put the city into the bottom ten locations for the first time, the EIU said.
Cities were scored out of 100 and the report noted that the top 10 cities were only separated by 1.8 percentage points.
The concept of liveability is simple: it assesses which locations around the world provide the best or the worst living conditions. Assessing liveability has a broad range of uses. The survey originated as a means of testing whether Human Resource Departments needed to assign a hardship allowance as part of expatriate relocation packages.
While this function is still a central potential use of the survey, it has also evolved as a broad means of benchmarking cities. This means that liveability is increasingly used by city councils, organisations or corporate entities looking to test their locations against others to see general areas where liveability can differ, the survey report added.