How long Dhaka could take the immense pressure from all sectors of Bangladesh? Now Dhaka, everyone believes, day by day is getting unbearable to live in. Isn’t the high time to take a sincere initiative towards the implementation of that much talked ‘Decentralisation’?
‘Upazilla’ system can be pointed out as our attempt to decentralise administration. But this ‘Attempt’ has not been converted to ‘Drive’ yet and so Upazilla, to my understanding it is a kind of ‘Cosmetic’ decentralisation that has only created an Infrastructural development but not the Institutional.
The key part of Decentralisation is to decentralise the Administration and strengthening the local government. Bangladesh’s local Government is not as effective as expected. Central Government does not have political will to empower the local government representatives and to give them authority to supervise the local developments.
The other important parts of Decentralisation are:
1. To provide desired jobs
2. To arrange education for everybody
3. To ensure Health care for everybody
Now in Bangladesh we can say that Education has reached a certain level that people at least are aware of getting the school level literacy. But quality higher education is only in Dhaka. Good health care is totally Dhaka based and not affordable for common people. We can use the same term for Jobs too.
In developed countries Education and Health care are taken care of by Local/Provincial Government and Central/Federal Government does not make any interference. Employment is Central Government’s responsibility. They try to develop business, industries across the country for equal employment as much as possible.
It is true that in terms of efficiency our local government representatives may not be quite capable of running proper administrative and developing activities, so a strong and democratic coordination between local and central government could be proposed, but subject to independent Local Government.